THE MEMALI TRAGEDY WAS INSPIRED BY THE PAS PRESIDENT’s “AMANAT HAJI HADI AWANG”, A SPEECH HE MADE IN 1981 IN TERENGGANU.
FORMER IGP SAID IT WAS HADI’S OWN INCITING RHETORIC THAT TRIGGERED THE TRAGEDY.
AMANAT HAJI HADI AWANG
” Saudara-saudara sekelian percayalah,
Kita menentang UMNO, bukan kerana nama dia UMNO. Kita menentang Barisan Nasional bukan kerana dia lama memerintah kerajaan.
Kita menentang dia ialah kerana dia mengekalkan perlembagaan penjajah, mengekalkan undang-undang kafir, mengekalkan peraturan jahiliyah.
Oleh kerana itulah kita menentang mereka. Oleh kerana itulah kita menghadapi mereka. Oleh itulah kita cuba berlawan dengan mereka.
Percayalah saudara-saudara sekelian,
Perjuangan kita adalah jihad, ucapan kita adalah jihad, derma kita adalah jihad.
Bergantunglah kita kepada Allah dengan (menghadapi) puak-puak ini kerana kalau kita mati melawan puak-puak ini, mati kita adalah syahid.
Mati kita adalah Islam. Kita tidak perlu masuk Buddha, Kita tidak perlu masuk Hindu, Kita tidak perlu masuk Kristian,
Tapi kita menjadi kafir dengan mengamalkan ‘politik suku, agama suku’.
-HAJI HADI AWANG
Amanat Haji Hadi Awang merujuk kepada suatu sedutan ceramah umum yang disampaikan oleh Datuk Seri Haji Abdul Hadi Awang di Kampung Banggol, Peradong, Kuala Terengganu pada 7 April 1981.
Ucapan beliau telah dicetak dalam bentuk poster dan ditampal di dinding markas PAS sekitar tahun itu.
Daripada bukti kertas putih mengenai Memali bertarikh 26 Februari 1986, Amanat Hadi telah dicetak dalam EMPAT versi.
Pertama dalam tulisan jawi, dicetak oleh bahagian Penerangan PAS Kelantan untuk sebaran pilihan raya kecil Selising, Kelantan pada tahun 1983.
Versi latar belakang hitam dengan tulisan rumi, dicetak oleh PAS Pusat dan dua versi lagi (rumi dan jawi) dicetak oleh Sekretariat Pemuda PAS Pusat. Versi latar belakang hitam dapat dilihat dalam rakaman video polis mengenai peristiwa Memali pada 19 November 1985.
22 August 2017
AN inquiry into Memali incident will reveal the role PAS president Abdul Hadi Awang played in the stand-off between the authorities and civilians, which cost lives on both sides, including that of policemen and a militant leader, 30 years ago, a former inspector-general of police said.
Amid renewed political interest in the 1985 siege on religious extremists in a remote village in Kedah, Abdul Rahim Noor is questioning the government’s proposal for a royal commission of inquiry (RCI), and PAS’ support of it.
“If an RCI were to be held, we won’t be able to avoid the fact that the ‘Amanat Hadi’ had played a role in causing the Memali incident,” Rahim told The Malaysian Insight.
“Amanat Hadi” refers to the PAS president’s speech on April 7, 1981, in which he declared Umno and Barisan Nasional an infidel government who ruled like colonialists.
Many consider the speech of the young Hadi, then the PAS Terengganu commissioner, as a defining moment in Malaysian politics, when the Muslim community was effectively split along PAS and Umno lines.
The two parties have long fought over the Malay-Muslim vote.
Rahim, who was Selangor police chief when the siege occurred on November 19, 1985, said Hadi’s speech had served to inspire PAS members nationwide, including religious teacher and PAS member Ibrahim Mahmud, also known as Ibrahim Libya, who formed a militant sect that wanted to go beyond political struggle.
Rahim said ‘Amanat Hadi’ had two important elements: the accusation that Muslims who failed to adopt Islam as a complete way of life, including in politics were kaffir, or infidels; and the declaration that opposition to Umno and BN was “jihad” and those who died in the struggle were “martyrs”.
“Hadi’s message was actively taken up and preached by PAS Youth, and it was this message that inspired Ibrahim Libya.
“He was a strident PAS follower and was very loyal to Hadi’s message,” said Rahim, who is also formerly the Bukit Aman Special Branch chief.
Rahim was responding to The Malaysian Insight’s request for comment on the Deputy Prime Minister Ahmad Zahid Hamidi’s statement that the government was ready to hold a RCI into the Memali incident.
Rahim said there was no need for an RCI into Memali as there was already a White Paper on the incident.
“What the government should do is to table that in Parliament and allow debate over it.”
He said the White Paper had been disputed by some eye witnesses, who did not consider it an accurate account of the siege, which left 14 people, including Ibrahim and four police officers, dead.
Until a few years ago, the families of those killed were still demanding justice for the victims of the incident.
The White Paper, prepared by the Home Ministry in 1986, said that the police acted in accordance with the law.
“Ibrahim Mahmood, a PAS leader, had broken the law and was encouraging violence by using religion. He had influenced them to the point where they had lost their rationality and attacked the police in accordance with their belief that they would die as martyrs.
“The Memali incident was the result of a group of people using religion for their own political gain. This group had called the government ‘infidels’ and made Muslims hate one another.
“Based on this allegation, they instigated Muslims to rise up and fight the government, including using violence,” said the White Paper report, which was presented to Dewan Rakyat.
Rahim said Special Branch had wanted to arrest Ibrahim and his followers under the now-repealed Internal Security Act (ISA) because there was evidence that the group intended acts that would do harm to the public . The siege of Memali village was staged for the group leader’s capture.
He stressed that Ibrahim did not plan to commit acts of violence because PAS had ordered them, but because he had taken ‘”Amanat Hadi” to heart.
“That is why I do not understand why Hadi would want to resurrect the Memali tragedy, because it will emerge that he had played a role in it,” Rahim said.